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Sequoiadendron giganteum

No tree species in the world has sparked as much interest, reverence, and awe as the Giant Sequoia (a.k.a. Sierra Redwood, Big Tree). Itıs been called the ³monarch of all conifers,² ³godlike giant of the Golden Age,² and the ³climax of American vegetation.²

Giant Sequoia seeds are among the tiniest in the tree world, yet the trees which grow from them are the largest living things on earth, past or present. Ancient Giant Sequoias climb to heights of more than 300 feet, and have massive, cinnamon-red trunks up to 36 feet in diameter. These ³vast structures of antiquity² have a life span of more than 3,000 years, longer than any tree except the Bristlecone Pine.

Anyone who has ever entered a grove of ancient giant sequoias knows beyond a doubt that these awe-inspiring trees are truly wonders of the natural world! Giant Sequoias are very cold-hardy, but their roots should be protected from freezing in winter. Keeping your Giant Sequoia outdoors in full sun is best, and you must allow the soil to dry down uniformly (throughout the treeıs contianer) between waterings. Avoid soils with inadequate drainage and donıt overwater your Sequoia.
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Sequoia sempervirens

Reaching heights of 360 feet and more, the magnificent Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) is the worldıs tallest tree, and also one of the worldıs most long-lived, with life spans of more than 2,000 years. Fossil records indicate that the Redwood species is also among the world's most ancient ­ its lineage dating back 160 million years.

At maturity, typical Coast Redwoods tower 175 to 300 feet and have massive trunks 8 to 20 feet in diameter with deeply furrowed reddish-brown bark. Despite being prolific seed producers, Redwoods generally reproduce from sprouts, a highly unusual quality among conifers. Young Redwoods grow rapidly, adding more than a foot in height annually under favorable conditions.

Only 5% of America's ancient Redwoods remain, most under State and National protection. Coast Redwoods prefer mild climates and moist soils, and should be protected from temperatures below 20°F and above 100°F.
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Metasequoia glyptostroboides

A living fossil! Thought extinct for millions of years, Dawn Redwood dates back to Mesozoic times, some 150 million years ago. Previously known only through the fossil record, living Dawn Redwoods were "discovered" in West Central China in 1941.

Unlike its Redwood Family relatives, Dawn Redwood is a deciduous tree, losing its bronze foliage each autumn, and unfurling silky new, bright green needles in spring. A truly unique and fascinating tree ­ rich in history and beautiful to behold ­ Dawn Redwood grows rapidly, easily reaching imposing heights of more than 100 feet at maturity.

Dawn Redwood makes a marvelous bonsai too, and can be kept garden-size with pruning. A cold hardy tree that grows best in well-drained soil with regular water.
Images of dawn redwoods:

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The Amazing Redwoods!



The Redwood Family includes evergreen (and some deciduous) coniferous trees. During the mild, humid climate of the Miocene Period (about 13 million years ago), trees in this family were very abundant, growing in extensive forests throughout the world, particularly in the Northern Hemisphere.

Many species in this family have become extinct, but there remain 15 species growing today in locations from America to China to Tasmania. Among these ancient species, two are by far the most famous, impressive, and widely cultivated: the Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and the Giant Sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum). The Coast Redwood enjoys the distinction of being the worldıs tallest living thing (current record height is around 370 feet), while the Giant Sequoia is the planetıs most massive living thing (with trunk diameters in excess of 36 feet and heights reaching almost 300 feet).

A third member of the Redwood Family, Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), a fascinating deciduous tree thought extinct for millions of years, has also gained significant noteriety since it was discovered living in China in 1941.
Giant Sequoia
Coast Redwood
Dawn Redwood
This informational site on Redwoods is sponsored by The Jonsteen Company, a tree nursery on California's Redwood Coast specializing in Redwoods and other fascinating tree species. If you are interested in working with Redwoods and or other trees, Jonsteen ships live trees of various sizes, year round. Jonsteen also offers self-contained Grow Kits for germinating these mighty trees from seed (100% Guaranteed). Anyone can do it! Feel free to check out our nursery website at for trees, kits, and further information.

Thanks for your interest in Redwoods!